Last edited by Vojind
Thursday, August 6, 2020 | History

2 edition of Moral rights and pregnant women. found in the catalog.

Moral rights and pregnant women.

Karen E. Bartter

Moral rights and pregnant women.

by Karen E. Bartter

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  • 16 Currently reading

Published by University of Keele in Keele .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Dissertation (M.A.) - University of Keele 1992.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17204976M

deciding the moral status of abortion, to leave the rights of the pregnant woman out of consideration entirely, except possibly when her life is threatened. Obviously, this will not do; determining what moral rights, if any, a fetus possesses is only the first step in de termining the moral status of abortion. Step two, which is at least.   In Roe v Wade set an historical precedent by determining a woman's right to an abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. 4 The case is pivotal not only because it set in motion a national controversy on abortion but because it also granted rights to the fetus, an unexpected and unusual stance that is not typically emphasized. Because.

  Fetuses’ rights, in contrast, would be positive rights: rights to various benefits and forms of assistance from the women they are inside of. A pregnant woman surely does not just “leave the fetus alone” over the course of pregnancy and childbirth, so to speak: she has to put in a lot of physical and emotional effort and energy, to say. The reason this is such an important book is that Griffin, unlike Nickel and Rawls, really does try to connect human rights to moral philosophy. The danger in doing that is that you simply impose some pre-existing grid, some favourite general moral theory, onto human rights and distort the subject in .

A fetus, therefore, does not have full moral rights. Moreover, " a woman's right to protect her health, happiness, freedom, and even her life, by terminating an unwanted pregnancy, will always override whatever right to life it may be appropriate to ascribe to a fetus, even a fully developed one" ().   The abortion debate deals with the rights and wrongs of deliberately ending a pregnancy before normal childbirth, killing the foetus in the process. Abortion is a very painful topic for women .


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Moral rights and pregnant women by Karen E. Bartter Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hardly a day passes without newspaper coverage of some new development regarding prenatal life. The abortion debate continues to rage, but other examples abound: forced Caesareans; prosecutions of women for drug use during pregnancy; fetal protection policies; the use of fetal tissue for transplantation; embryo research; and the disposition of frozen embryos.

An analysis of billions of words in the Google Books database shows the way society has valued moral principles such as compassion, respect for.

So women Moral rights and pregnant women. book persons 7. An entity has full moral rights if and only if this entity is a person 8. So fetuses do not have full moral rights, and women have full moral rights 9. Full moral rights always override any partial moral rights The right of a woman to have an abortion always overrides whatever rights a fetus might have the moral status of abortion, to leave the rights of the pregnant woman out of consideration entirely, except possibly when her life is threatened.

Obviously, this will not do; determining what moral rights, if any, a fetus possesses is only the first step in determining the moral status of. Dawn Johnson, "A New Threat to Pregnant Women's Autonomy," Hastings Center Report, Volume 17 (August/September ), pp.

"When a Pregnant Women Endangers Her Fetus" (commentaries by Thomas B. MacEnzie and Theodore Nagel, and Barbara Katz Rothman) Hastings Center Report, Volume 16 (February ), pp. Women’s rights advocates think that the recent expansion of fetal rights infringes on the fundamental women’s right to privacy.

In fact, if a woman’s reproductive privacy right extends to her decision about contraception and abortion, that right should also include privacy around her health during pregnancy as well as pregnancy itself. In light of this recent legislative activity, the political intensity of the subject, and the complex moral and legal questions surrounding it, I took the advice of a few readers and put together this entry for the Philosophers On series on the ethics and politics of abortion.

The Philosophers On series contains group posts on issues of current interest, with the aim being to show what the. viewing the moral status of the fetus: that a fetus has the same rights as a live child; that a fetus has no rights; or that a fetus has increasing moral status with advancing gestation.

FULL FETAL RIGHTS If the fetus has full moral rights, the fetus is treated as a separate entity from the mother, and the pregnant woman.

Fetal rights are the moral rights or legal rights of the human fetus under natural and civil term fetal rights came into wide usage after the landmark case Roe v.

Wade that legalized abortion in the United States in The concept of fetal rights has evolved to include the issues of maternal drug and alcohol abuse. The only international treaty specifically tackling fetal rights is.

The fetus is regarded as an intruder who actually is causing the pregnancy, doing violence to the woman's body without her consent, comparable to the actions of a rapist.

The woman may have consented to sex, but she did not at the same time consent to pregnancy, so she should have the right to expell this unwelcome intruder from her s: To theorize about time in abortion law and human rights is ultimately to spend time with, to seek to understand, and ultimately to support women who seek later terminations of pregnancy.

Human rights law cannot answer the question of why it is moral, healthy, or just to deny a woman an abortion at 24 weeks, 22 weeks, 18 weeks, or 12 weeks. Warren argues against the genetic code argument; she says that it doesn't matter whether or not a fetus is a human being, but rather if the fetus is a person.

She argues that a fetus is not a person. She gives an example of a pregnant woman driving in the carpool lane and getting a violation ticket and also lists five traits that persons have.

Do the moral duties of a mother to care for and not abuse her child also apply to her fetus. Ought fetuses to be given legal rights requiring pregnant women to submit to medical treatment without their consent. Ought single women, homosexual couples or persons carrying serious genetic defects to have a legal right to procreate.

tion of rights and duties before the child is born, particularly dur- ing the pregnancy of the mother. Principle (1) tells us that the mother has the right to an abortion during her pregnancy. Since (2) tells us that men and women have equal moral rights, it seems.

Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion. cases where the pregnant woman's life is endangered, cases where the pregnancy was due to rape, cases where contraception failed, and, perhaps (!), cases where pregnancy results from having unprotected sex while in a state of diminished capacity - while drunk, for instance.

The newer idea that the fetus has rights of its own creates the conflict Paltrow and others are worried about: It is a way of acknowledging a special moral status for pregnant women.

As Colb observes in her book on veganism, one can "favor animal rights for ethical reasons [due to animals' sentience] and favor a woman's right to have an abortion prior to fetal sentience, without any contradiction" (). One might find a "contradiction" here only if one thought a case for animal rights was based on animals being alive, or.

1 Philosophy Novem The Moral Status of the Fetus The debate over abortion comes down to one essential issue — the moral status of the unborn child. “Those choosing legalization of abortion will argue that the developing fetus lacks a moral status that would trump a woman.

Moral Rights: Principles, Practice and New Technology is the first work to comprehensively address the role and challenges of moral rights in an environment of digital technology The problem is addressed from both practical and theoretical channels, and examples drawn from the legislation and practice of key jurisdictions around the world.

The. Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, Natural Rights Theories, and Religious Ethics A “utilitarian” argument, in the strict sense, is one what alleges that we ought to do something because it will produce more total happiness than doing anything else would. Act utilitarianism (AU) is the moral theory that holds that the morally right action, the act.

Chapter 8 A Kantian approach to abortion is more likely to be concerned with the moral status of the fetus as a person than utilitarianism.

True, because Kantian approaches to ethics value treating people as ends in themselves, and if the fetus is a person, it should be treated as an end in itself A being with full moral rights is considered a _____.

Person A rule-utilitarian could hold that. As the fetus gains moral value, the gap between its value and the moral value of the pregnant woman’s autonomy shrinks.

This means an abortion in the first trimester is an easier decision from a moral perspective than one in the third. Most people acknowledge this, which is why most abortions take place in the first trimester, and why some.a.

The costs to women of completing unwanted pregnancies are often intolerably high. b. Heterosexual intercourse is too important to the lives of most men and women to restrict to times when pregnancy is an acceptable outcome. c. The world cannot afford the population growth that would result from prohibiting abortion.

d. all of the above.